Background: Electromagnetic hypersensitivity syndrome (EHS) is subjective clinical signs and symptoms caused by exposure to the electromagnetic field.
Objective: To show the gender distribution of each category of EHS in people who lived near the mobile phone base station.
Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in the College of Medicine, University of Diyala. A total number of 196 individuals (128 men and 68 women) lived within a 1500 m distance away from the mobile phone base station in the Diyala province in the North East of Baghdad-Iraq included in the study. The authors interviewed the participants and completed the EHS questionnaires.
Results: Participants reported high scores of sleep disturbances, anxiety, and mood fluctuation compared with other complaints. Men had significantly higher scores of transient deafness and migraine-like headache compared with women. There were no significant differences between men and women with subjective signs and symptoms related to the cardiovascular system or skin. Multi-variable linear regression data revealed a significant correlation (R=0.253) between the total scores of EHS with the age, distance from the base station, and the onset of the illnesses).
Conclusion: We conclude that men who lived in the vicinity of the mobile phone base station are significantly vulnerable to sleep disorder, anxiety, and fluctuation of mood induced by electromagnetic radiation.
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