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Background: The immune system aberrations perceived in thalassemic children are both qualitative and quantitative, concerning many components of immune system; infections are a common complication and they can be fatal.
Objective: To study the thalassemic children for bacterial infection.
Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study, it was carried out in Al-Batool Teaching Hospital from June - Dec 2017. Criteria for susceptibility of immune-compromised children for bacterial infection were used for thalassemia major and intermedia children with review of patients records and patients/ parents dialogue. Statistical analysis was done by statistical analysis of social sciences (SPSS 22), P-value was set at (0.05) level. A total number of 188 thalassemia children were involved in this study.
Results: Five (2.7%) children were documented as having a clinically important bacterial infection giving an incidence of 0.23 infections per 100 children/ years, four infections were developed in non- splenectomized children giving a rate of (3%). Two bacterial sepsis and two children suffered from draining otitis media, whereas after splenectomy, only one child developed bacterial pneumonia (1.9%).
Conclusion: Only few bacterial infections were developed in studied thalassemic children during the last 12 years. None of them fulfill the immunocompromised criteria.
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